Sika deer are quite a small species of deer, with males (stags) up to about 80cm at the shoulder.
Females (hinds) are slightly smaller.
The summer coat is reddish with white spots, turning very dark grey-brown in winter.
There is a white rump patch surrounded by black, which is displayed as a warning signal. The antlers form a V-shape when looking head-on.
Research by University scientists shows that Japanese sika deer, brought to the country in the 19th century, have bred extensively with native deer.
“The majority of Sika deer in the Uk are found in Scotland and Ireland, however, there are also small numbers in the south of England, such as the New Forest, as well the Lake District and parts of Lancashire.
Sika were first introduced from the Far East into Britain in 1860. Several subspecies, including Chinese, Japanese, Formosan and Manchurian were introduced into parks but the only free living form in Britain is the Japanese Sika.
It is possible that almost if not all English and Scottish and some Irish living Sika are descendants from only one stag and three hinds introduced to
Viscount Powers court’s deer park at Enniskerry, Eire in 1860.”
I have seen many Sika in The Forest Of Bowland and surrounding areas.
More information about Sika can be found on the BBC website